Monday, May 25, 2020
Stereotypes are instilled in us at a young age by our previous experiences and by our parents. Whether they are positive or negative, African American females have to deal with these on a daily basis. Stereotypes often influence the way people view themselves and the way others view them. These are represented in American media, such as commercials and other advertisements. Reflection on Experience After watching one hundred commercials, I found that African American females are represented in 23% of the advertisements, which is a low frequency. According to the United States Census Bureau, African American females account for 8% of the U.S. population (Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin for the United States, States, and Counties, 2016). They are over-represented in advertisements by 15%. In 57% of the commercials black women appeared as minor characters and exercised authority and control in 30% of the advertisement s. They were most often portrayed as party attendees and daughters with their fathers. The advertisements also showed African American women in roles such as a factory worker, bride, judge, and police officer. These women are seen walking in the street and eating dinner with their families. They were most often portrayed in a social setting such as a family gathering or a party. In three of the twenty three commercials, black women were seen in a business setting, most often in an assistantShow MoreRelatedEssay on Image of African American Women845 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesImage of African American Women Despite the strong presence of the beautiful, powerful, black women in the media, such as Michelle Obama, Oprah Winfrey, and BeyoncÃ © Knowles, African American females have been deemed unattractive in societyÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. These notions did not develop overnight, but remain as obstacles birthed from slavery. These stereotypes keep the black female incarcerated under the belief that they are not beautiful. However, black women have fought and are fighting these harmful perceptionsRead MoreEssay on Being An African American Woman894 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesadult female human. In todays society being an African American woman is a rigid task to live up to. It means to reside to what their ancestors have left behind, which means to be stronger than ever. Rosa Parks was strong, Harriet Tubman was also strong, and Jezebel was even stronger. So what exactly does it mean to be a woman? It means to stand up for what is right, even if that means sacrifice, it means to be strong whether it be physically, emotionally, or mentally. African American womenRead MoreIdentities : Cultural Stereotypes Of African American Women Essay1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIdentities: Cultural Stereotypes of African American Women and Citizen: An American Lyric Racism and stereotypes are explored in Claudia RankineÃ¢â¬â¢s Citizen: An American Lyric, which draws the reader in through a series of vignettes, using poetry, prose and multi-media to detail both subtle and overt incidents of racism that happened to the author, her friends and celebrities. This paper will explore the ways in which modern racism is rooted in historical racism and African American women are subjectRead MoreStereotypes in Schools953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStereotypes in school can affect students in their confidence and education. Writer, Shankar Vedantam, in his article, Ã¢â¬Å"How A Self-Fulfilling Stereotype Can Drag Down Performance,Ã¢â¬ argues that reminding people of their race before a test or quiz can be the reason they dont score as high on a test. He supports his claim by first explaining things that Sociologist Min-Hsiung Huang discovered. He then explains how whites have been scoring higher than other races this affects chances of them gettingRead Mor eStereotypes in Our School637 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthat supports the idea that many people experience stereotypes, and are affected by them. Author and Scientific Journalist, Shankar Vedantam, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"How a Self-Fulfilling Stereotype Can Drag Down Performance,Ã¢â¬ Explains that If people are stereotyped, they can start to embody the stereotypes made about them without realizing it, which could lead to a degradation in their performance, because of the negative self image caused by these stereotypes. He supports this claim by giving a few real worldRead MoreAnalysis Of Blaxploitation Films : A New Step For The Hollywood Film Industry From 1968 Till1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPermissiveness and conceptual incongruity in Blaxploitation films concerning the shaping and portrayal of the female character exemplified in the works of Pam Grier. A new step for the Hollywood film industry from 1968 till nowadays is the creation of the MPAA film rating system. Ever since the erasure of the production code of the Classic Hollywood era, and filmmakersÃ¢â¬â¢ realisation that they do not need the seal of approval, it has become possible to show or tell anything on screen. Film genresRead MoreBeing an African American Woman867 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesadult female human. In today s society being an African American woman is a rigid task to live up to. It means to reside to what their ancestors have left behind, which means to be stronger than ever. Rosa Parks was strong, Harriet Tubman was also strong, and Jezebel was even stronger. So what exactly does it mean to be a woman? It means to stand up for what is right, even if that means sacrifice, it means to be strong whether it be physically, emotionally, or mentally. African American womenRead MoreWhy Female Can Not Be President Of Theu.s?826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere is no reason why female cannot be president of the U.S anymore. Have you ever thought a female can be president of the U.S? If you think the female can t be president of the U.S, which stereotypes or thoughts make you think about that? The answer is maybe a barrier. The barrier can be a wall which the female has or is a fixed idea to exist in the U.S. The world is changing constantly and the barrier about female is also changing in the U.S. For many years, the Americans looking discriminationRead MoreAn Inside Look at Melissa Harris-Perry Essay1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfocuses on three main stereotypes of black women that began with slavery and are still prevalent in society today. Perry not only examines the depth and causes of these stereotypes, but she also scrutinizes their role in African Americans lives as citizens today. Black women today are not only separated from society outside of the African American community, but there are also existing stereotypes within the culture. Examining the history of black women, the three prominent ster eotypes attached to themRead MoreAdvertising Bigotry: the Foundation888 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the past, the ideals of American society incorporated numerous stereotypes that even today cause detrimental effects within our infrastructure. The lasting belief of women and African AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ inferiority and its harrowing portrayal in advertisements originates from the very distant past. Seemingly from the beginning of time, women all over the world were viewed as lesser individuals therefore they received lesser roles in their society. Since the 18th century, when America first began colonization
Thursday, May 14, 2020
In The Social Construction of Race, Ian F. Haney Lopez defines race as a social construct that is constantly changing its meaning due to the fickle nature of society. Lopez believes that this fickleness stems from a social climate formed by a variety of factors such as human economic interest, current events, and ideology. There are certain racial definitions however, that have remained mostly the same despite efforts to bring attention to the offensiveness and immorality of such discriminatory thinking. These stereotypes are oftentimes negative and apply to members of minority races, which end up perpetuating themselves into various cultural outlets of society including the media and film. Through the use of such popular forms of entertainment, the definitions of a race remain largely unchanged as future generations remain exposed to these racial classifications. The effectiveness of media in perpetuating and maintaining racial definitions is apparent through the consistent presence of such ideas in popular films such as DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s Pocahontas (1995) and James CameronÃ¢â¬â¢s Avatar (2009). Despite over a decade difference in release, there are similarities between the two in terms of the racial labels applied to Native Americans as a race and how they are portrayed as a result. The producers behind Pocahontas claimed that the film is much more than a love story and is about maintaining an open mind in order to appreciate different cultures. By creating an animated picture about aShow MoreRelatedRace And Race : The Social Construction Of Race858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe race is an indefinite term, which has not been created from science or research, but more so the idea of what it is. Essentially, race is all about perception. One person may separate races based on a certain category of traits while another person uses totally different guidelines to define what races there are. Race has ultimately been created socially, therefor has no biological compon ents until people connect the two terms. This paper examines the connection between society and race whileRead MoreRace As A Social Construction1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlisha Sparks Dr. Stanley POLS 24 November 2015 Race as a Social Construction When we talk about race, what are we really talking about? The issue of race is a complex issue, with socially ambiguous undertones that have plagued our society for decades. Race has been a marker and maker of stereotypes. Race has been used as a justification for injustice. Whether slavery, Japanese internment, or social and economic exclusion, race has given an avenue for those in power to exclude ones deemed Ã¢â¬ËotherÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreThe Social Construction Of Race1242 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfoundation for what appears to be the social construction of race. Somewhere along the lines, eugenics became more about isolating certain human characteristics, like skin color, and relegating them to a hierarchy of societal importance (Norrgard, 2008). Race is simply defined as a pattern-based concept that allows for the general public to draw conclusions based on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s geographical location and thereby predetermining their inclusion into a particular social group (Yudel l, et al., 2016) TheRead MoreRace As A Social Construction822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhat is race? The term race is difficult to define as a result of the belief that it is Ã¢â¬Å"racistÃ¢â¬ to talk about race. Although how do we know what race is if we do not discuss it within society. After much thought I defined race as an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s background that may be used to describe their ancestorÃ¢â¬â¢s demographics as well as their religion. However, today people tend to put more emphasis on race being the color of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s skin. As discussed in class society does not understand what race is,Read MoreThe Social Construction Of Race1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstupid immoral, diseased, lazy, incompetent, and dangerous to the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s virtue and social order Ã¢â¬Å"(p.181). Blackness have become objectified in public spaces, they are view as a threat on the street of Toronto, surrounding areas and even in the criminal justice system. In fact this negative stereotype of criminalization have put Black males under scrutiny and constant surveillance. The social construction of race by the dominant belief system are still embedded in society that capitalized on minoritiesRead MoreThe Social Construction Of Race2146 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAbadjivor AFAS 304B Professor Machibya 30 March 2015 The Social Construction of Race The underlying characteristic of race concepts is found in its use of phenotypes and physical differences in order to gain an understanding of why there are different people that exist in the world. These differences have been used in understanding the behaviors, intellect, and the value of humans through connecting different characteristics to different classified races. Using phenotypical differences to understand certainRead MoreRace As A Social Construction966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRace is a concept only existing in societies with systems of oppression based on social racism. In chapter eleven: Inequality, they discuss how, Ã¢â¬Å"There is nothing intrinsic about, for example, any racial or ethnic group that makes it distinct from any other; race and ethnicity are dynamic, fluid categories that are socially definedÃ¢â¬ (Ritzer). The oppression of Ã¢â¬Å"superiorÃ¢â¬ groups demonstrates on Ã¢â¬Å"inferiorÃ¢â¬ groups is one consequence of race as a social construction, whic h is to have oneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity reducedRead MoreRace Is A Social Construction1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe term Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ should not be used. Scholars and others argue that the term Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ should not be used because there is no biological basis for the concept of race. Geneticists have determined that code for physical traits (the key distinguishing characteristic for Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ ) are inherited independently of one another. Any attempts there have been to define race based on genes are futile, because there is no set of genes that everyone within the Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ has. Scholars argue that race is a social constructionRead MoreSocial Construction of Race1867 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThere is perhaps no bigger and more expansive social construction known to man than the construction of race. In earlier times race meant a tie to national origin, Greek race, Roman race, etc. race underwent a big change in meaning to itÃ¢â¬â¢s more contemporary form to distinguish biological differences of physical features and skin color (Wiegman 157). Film and television in this century and the twentieth century have aided and perpetuated stereotypes of race. These stereotypes have been most associatedRead MoreSocial Construction of Race1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Use of Humor to Poke Fun at the Social Construction of Class: Illustrated in the Film The Jerk through Navin Johnson Money does not last forever. All the money in the world can become the reason why people change their personality and behavior. In the film The Jerk by Carl Reiner, a complete moron struggles to make it through life on his own, until a bizarre invention makes him unbelievably a wealthy man. Navin grew up in Mississippi as an adopted son of a black family, but on his birthday
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In 1949, Mao Zedong led the Peoples Revolution, which established a Communist State in China. Communism has now been introduced to Asia. In this period, after World War II, Communism was a popular ideology being introduced throughout the world. Vietnam was one of the many countries under the threat of Communism. At this time, Vietnam was a French Colony. As time went on tension started to come between the French and the Vietnamese people. As tension increased so did the fighting between the French and The Vietnamese. Finally in 1954, The French decided that they could no longer withstand the revolts of the Vietnamese. The Vietnamese were now free of French rule. However, many problems still remained in Vietnam. After the war there was aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦br brDwight Eisenhower, the President of the United States after Truman, wanted to support the South Vietnamese. At a news conference, Eisenhower stated, You have a row of dominoes set up, you knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is a certainty that it will go over very quickly. Eisenhower believed that if the United States didnt step to the aid of the South Vietnamese, they would fall to the Communist aggressions, as would the rest of Southeast Asia. President Eisenhower and his staff then started to set up a plan for the support of Vietnam. Eisenhowers secretary of State, John Dulles, was determined that the Americans could build up South Vietnam as a Barrier to Ho Chi Minh (Ho Chi Minh was the leader of the communist party in North Vietnam) and his Communist followers. br brThe Vietnam conflict changed when John F. Kennedy took the Presidential oath of office in 1961. Kennedy had long been interested in Vietnam. As a senator, he had visited the country in 1951. Like Truman and Eisenhower, Kennedy felt the United States needed to contain the spread of Communism. Kennedy wanted to take more military action against Communist rebels. When Kennedy took office there were only 900 American military advisors in Vietnam. Diems Army of the Republic of Vietnam (known as ARVN) numbered 200,000 men, opposing a Viet Cong guerrilla force of only 17,000 men. The ARVN seemed unable to stamp out the Viet Cong (Communist rebels).Show MoreRelatedThe Vietnam War Was The War Essay1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDuring the1950s North Vietnam was controlled by the Viet Cong (a National Liberation Front.) The Viet Cong were bullying South Vietnam, trying to make them a communist. Most of society will not stand up for the weaker person in a bully situation. The United States is not most of society; they believe you mess with someone your own size. Many people have different views on the Vietnam War: was the war necessary, was the war worth all the sacrifices of American troops lives, what was the United StatesRead MoreThe Vietnam War Was The Biggest Failure Of The 20th Century1628 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Vietnam War The Vietnam War is one of the most controversial wars the United States participated in. Communism in the 20th century, was a huge threat to the U.S. It become a priority of the U.S. to stop the spread of Communism. In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina - Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos (history.state.gov). The U.S. saw that the French were struggling in south Vietnam so they decided to come and help France. They tried to support France and theRead MoreMarxism-Leninism in Vietnam Essay684 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMarxism-Leninism in Vietnam In the region of Vietnam there had been many uprisings. All of these uprisings were for one reason, freedom. The Vietnamese were willing to accept Communism in return for what they had been fighting for over 2000 years: self rule. In 1950 the United States, owing a debt of gratitude towards France, sent several advisors to aid French control in Vietnam. Over the next decade and a half, the United States would send an entire Army and Navy to aid the French in maintainingRead MoreThe Cuban Missile Crisis1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestheir power towards the AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s. while in Vietnam they always had trouble keeping independence and now communism is splitting the North and South and causing a civil war. Both the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War illustrate the United States attempt to combat communism. The Cuban Missile Crisis in the prevention of a nuclear war. Whereas the Vietnam War ultimately curtailed the spread of communism. (CMC) During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S was trying to prevent a nuclear war, andRead MoreThe Vietnam War Of The Cold War1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Vietnam war started as a U.S. strategy of authority in times of the cold war, which was directed to prevent the advancement of communism in the world. The War had begun in 1954, after the rise of power with Ho Chi Minh and his communist Viet Minh party in North Vietnam, and continued against the backdrop of an intense Cold War against the United States and the Soviet Union. More than 3 million people were killed, including 58,000 Americans. In 1975, communist forces took control of SaigonRead MoreVietnam : The Most Unpopular War1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerican history, Vietnam, was also the most unpopular war. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths (www.digitalhistory.uh.com). Even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, blunder, a necessary war, or whether it is a noble caus e, or an idealistic, if failed, effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government (www.digitalhistory.uh.com). The reason the United States got involved was to prevent the spread of communism. For centuries theRead MoreHow Do Foreign Affairs During Vietnam Justify Public Or Private Tactical Behavior?1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesquestion: To what degree is torture valuable? How do foreign affairs in Vietnam justify public or private tactical behavior. T.S. Eliot: Ã¢â¬Å"There is no such thing as a Lost Cause, because there is no such thing as a Gained Cause.Ã¢â¬ Growth and power come paired with conflict and danger. The United States must use interrogation to ensure the safety of its citizens. A history of torture to get information is prominent between many nations, however the use of such interrogation is often kept private fromRead MoreThe Cold War Between The United States And The Soviet Union1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstrictly limit the spread of communism through containment, an idea formulated by US diplomat George Kennan, which became the basis of Harry TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy. The containment policy was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge communist influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, Africa, and Vietnam. The presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s initial step toward containment came in response to a British request to support both Turkey and Greece against the spread of communism. By requesting Con gressRead MoreWhat Was The Cold War?1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbelieve that the Cold War took place after the Vietnam War and ended a couple of years later and that nothing happened during that time frame except for maybe a few threats. The belief is also that only the United States and the Soviet Union were involved in the conflict. As stated in the introduction, this common belief is wrong. Historical facts prove that the Cold War was not a war where no fighting was involved. It did not take place right after the Vietnam War and ending a few years later. Nor didRead MoreVietnam And The Vietnam War1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Vietnam War was probably one the most infamous war in the history of the United States. Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam as a result of the Indochina War. North Vietnam belonged to the Communists and its allies after World War II and South Vietnam belonged to the anti-Communist supporters and their allies (the U.S was one of South VietnamÃ¢â¬â¢s allies). It all started as an effort by America to keep South Vietnam away from Communism. Americans feared that if South Vietnam adapted
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Ellen Johnson had just completed her first month as manager for succesful company that provides a variety of web-based services and solutions. Last week, she was informed that she would be the new leader of a team that included 10 individuals. To her surprise, not only were these team members diverse in terms of their functional training and expertise, but they also represented a variety of culture backgrounds and only three were located in her office building. She quickly learned that 7 of 10 individuals actually worked from their home countries that included Japan, China, Mexico, Australia, Germany, Colombia, and Egypt. Up until this point, this virtual team collaborated on projects by using a variety of communication tools, including instant e-mail messaging, telephone calls, videoconferencing, document sharing, and occasional meetings at head quaters. After reviewing some of the past meeting notes and communication transcripts among the group members, Johnson realized that many of the team members had very different communication styles and levels of proficiency in English. The teams new assignment was an important one. The 10 members needed to develop and roll out a new product within the six weeks. This was in direct response to a new product just by a major competitor. To complicate matters, a six-week product development cycle was unheard of; until this point, the companys turnaround time for a new product offering was approximately three months. The company had no choice. If they did not counter the competitive threat immediately, then the company risked losing some key customers and market share. Johnson researched the past performance of her newly inherited virtual team. Although the overall quality of past decisions was quite high, the team seemed to take several months to make those decisions. This was a potential problem for Johnson. Time was no longer a luxury. She has to figure out a way to encourage the team to move faster without comprising quality. Through a combination of analyzing past team meeting notes and transcripts and speaking one-on-one with team members, she started to accumulate some facts that might be useful in solving the decision-making speed issue. First, Johnson discovered that the Japanese and Chinese team members did not participate much in the videoconferences or telephone conference call, but rather preferred written communication in the form of faxes and e-mail. In contrast, the Australian and Mexican team members seemed to thrive on telephone calls and face-to-face meetings. Second, there appeared to be some infighting among the three members of the group that were domiciled at headquaters. Most of the past arguments seemed to be about the groups goals and mission. Each had a very different idea in mind in terms of what the group needed to accomplish. The comments in written communications didnt get personal, but there were definitely heated debates about what objectives the group should be focusing on. The third potential obstacle to faster the decision making had to do with sporadic use of face-to-face meetings. To her surprise, Johnson discovered that such meetings rarely occured and that there was no attempt to bring the group together when it was first formed last year. Johnson expected that the team would have met and perhaps engaged in some team building exercise to build trust and rapport among team members. This was not the case. In addition, the team did not receive any form of decision making or group conflict resolution training. Johnson sat back in her office and thought about the problem at hand. She needed to develop and launch a new product within six weeks. In order to produce a high-quality product, each of the 10 virtual team members had to contribute their knowledge and effort in a cooperative and timely manner.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
White fields of snow, surrounded by ice covered mountains and no civilization around for miles. This may sound like a fantasy land but is the blank canvas of Antarctica. Some people think of it as an arctic waste land but I see it as an unexplored frontier. Antarctica is one of last places on the planet that has not been thoroughly explored. It gives the land a kind of mystery; like anything could exist there. It represents an older simpler time in the world, before industrialization, automobiles, and roads. People have not breached this still natural and wild habitat. This natural world holds a magnificent beauty that is unparalleled anywhere else. It is one of the last uncultivated places left in the world where nature still reigns, free from the influence of human kind. Antarctica intrigues me because I am also interested in what is new and developing. This land has the opportunity to be created into anything. We will write a custom essay sample on Antarctica or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Any kind of government or economy; a whole new way of life could be created here. Any type of society could develop from a colonial government controlled by some world power or a new sovereign nation. The unknown ignites my imagination. It makes me ask the question what new advancement in technology can be found or scientific discoveries can be made? I am intrigued by the unknown and of all the places in the world Antarctica is the epitome of the unknown.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Legalization of Same Sex Marriages Free Online Research Papers Legalizing same sex marriage, is it right or wrong? Ã¢â¬Å"In 2003 when the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to ban a marriage between two individuals of the same sexÃ¢â¬ (www.uua.org, 2008) it sparked new controversies and debates all over the United States. This has sparked new issues to be raised in Congress to put into law that marriage would consist of a union between a man and a woman and not two genders of the same sex. This ruling has caused many states to pass state laws banning the union of the same sex and declaring it a violation of state law. Ã¢â¬Å"In 2008 California and Connecticut followed suit with Massachusetts and the Supreme Courts of these states stopped the ban on same-sex marriages.Ã¢â¬ (www.uua.org, 2008) With this taking place it has caused debates between Religious factors and liberals throughout the country. There are several public figures and non public figures that have an opinion on this issue. The people that are against the issue raise issues like children and the moral issue of the upbringing of the children and the impact that it will have on society for many it is a religious belief that in the bible it says thatÃ¢â¬ a marriage is between a woman and a man for life.Ã¢â¬ (Matthew 19:6 Good Will Publishers, Inc, 1990) The Liberals have arguments for the marriage of same-sex couples argue mainly that Couples of any sex deserve to be married and have the safety and security that comes along with being married. They also state that it is good for America because the more married couples there are the more successful society will be. I will go into further explanations of the cases for and against same-sex marriages in the paragraphs to follow. In the following paragraphs I am going to present arguments for and against same-sex marriages and why they have such a strong opinion on whether it is right or wrong. I will end with my position on the issue and why I feel strongly about my stance on this issue. Three of the main arguments against same-sex marriage are that the legalization of same-sex marriage would quickly destroy the traditional family, that legalization of same-sex marriages will lead inexorably to polygamy and other alternatives to one man/one woman unions, and that it will hurt the raising of children because they have the right to start with a mother and a father and without one or the other the child is losing the relationship of having a mother and a father. I will now go into further explanation of each issue. ISSUE 1: Legalizing same-sex marriage would quickly destroy the traditional family. Dr. James Dobson position on this issue is that Ã¢â¬Å"same sex marriages cannot co-exist with a marriage between a woman and a man because they represent two opposite ends of the universe.Ã¢â¬ (Dobson, 2004) If the state was to sanction same-sex marriages it would give the younger generation unclear description of marriage. It would cause short term relationships and confusion about their sexuality, emotional bonding and sexual purity, understanding of lifelong commitments and the sanctity of marriage. It reduces marriage to a partnership not a lifelong commitment to one another under the eyes of God.Ã¢â¬ It is reduced to only the attractive benefits and sexual convince of a partnership.Ã¢â¬ (Dobson, 2004) ISSUE 2: Legalization of same-sex marriages will lead inexorably to polygamy and other alternatives to one man/one woman unions. People who practice polygamy are using this issue as a basis for them to legalize polygamy. They are arguing in court that the state must prove that polygamy is harmful to society instead of them proving that it is not. In court cases from polygamist in Utah are citing cases such as Lawrence vs. Texas as legal authority for their cases. Ã¢â¬Å"In the past for the definition of marriage we have fallen back on the foundation of tradition, legal precedent, theology and overwhelming support of the people.Ã¢â¬ (Dobson, 2004) If we were to allow same-sex marriages it would open the door for other types of marriages like a marriage of two men and five women or one man and ten women. If a court decides to allow the marriage of same sex couples it Ã¢â¬Å"will open the meaning of marriage up to anything that is doable by civil rights and destroy the legal underpinning of marriage.Ã¢â¬ (Dobson, 2004) ISSUE 3: Same-sex marriage and parenting. The main concern today is, what would same-sex marriage due to children. They pose the issue that every child has the right to start out life with one mother and one father and to take that away from them would be detrimental to their emotional well being. There is no research on what same-sex marriages would do to the future generations of children. Ã¢â¬Å"No society at any time has ever raised a generation of children in same-sex homes. Same-sex marriage will subject a generation of children to the status of lab rats in a vast untested social experiment.Ã¢â¬ (Stanton) (Bohan, 2008) In foresight there has not been enough research done on the gender preference of children raised in same sex marriages. Children raised in same sex marriages do not have the upbringing of what is proper to society or what it is like to have both a mother and father and the moral upbringing that this would provide. In arguments for legalization of same sex marriages they argue that denying them is a violation of religious freedom (civil and religious marriages are two separate institutions), marriage benefits (such as joint ownership, medical decision-making capacity) should be available to all couples, and denying these marriages is a form of minority discrimination. ISSUE 1: Denying them is a violation of religious freedom (civil and religious marriages are two separate institutions). People in favor of allowing same-sex marriages argue that the concept of a marriage being only between a man and a woman is a religious belief and they believe that homosexuality is a sin. If government starts passing laws based on this reason then they are going against the Ã¢â¬Å"First Amendment of the Constitution because it clearly states that a persons religious views or lack thereof must be protected. Ã¢â¬Å" (Messerli, 2008) In this issue they are raising their civil rights to chose to believe in the religious text or not. ISSUE 2: Marriage benefits (such as joint ownership, medical decision-making capacity) should be available to all couples. Homosexual couples argue that they should have access to all the benefits that a heterosexual couples do. They believe that they should be able to have the tax filing benefits, joint ownership of property, insurance benefits, and be able to make critical medical decisions for the other partner. They also state that marriage is more than a legal status. ISSUE 3: Denying these marriages is a form of minority discrimination. Homosexual couples argue that denying them the privilege to be married is going against the Bill of rights that ensures equal protection and that the rights of minorities should be protected. They argue that denying them this right is no different than telling a black or Hispanic couple that they cannot marry. This is one of their weaker arguments. My stance on this issue is that I believe that marriage between the same sexes should not be legalized. For centuries marriage has always been considered the union of one man and one woman and children should have the advantages of having a mother and a father not two mothers or two fathers living in the same household as husband and husband or wife and wife. I do not hold anything against people who are homosexuals but I do believe in God and the Bible and God had written in several passages that marriage is one woman and one man for life. I always use the example that God made Eve from Adams rib so that he would have a partner in life and that he did not make another Adam. For some this may not be logical to them but when I am discussing this issue it is the best way for me to convey how I feel. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society this is an issue that will not be going away and whether you are for or against same sex marriages we need to take into consider all the facts and research more th e effect this will have on our future. Bohan, D. (2008, September 16). Family expert lays out argument against same-sex marriage. Minnesota Family Council / Minnesota Family Institute . Dobson, D. J. (2004). Marriage Under Fire. Multnomah Books. Holy Bible Matthew 19:6 Good Will Publishers, Inc. (1990). Holy Bible Matthew 19:6. J.G. Publishing Company. Messerli, J. (2008, December 28). Should Same-Sex Marriages be Legalized. Retrieved from Balanced Politics: balancedpolitics.org/same_sex_marriages.htm Sullivan, A. (1997). Same-Sex Marriage: Pron and Con. New York: Vintage Books. www.uua.org. (2008, november 3). Retrieved from Social Justice: uua.org/socialjustice/issues/bgltequality/marriageequality/27673.shtml Research Papers on Legalization of Same Sex MarriagesThe Broken FamilyBooker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-BarnettThe Equal Rights AmendmentProbation OfficersThe Legal ProcessEmmett Till BiographyThe Story of Beatrix PotterAmerican Central Banking and OilGap Analysis: Lester ElectronicsSexually Transmitted Diseases
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Culture and religions - Essay Example Pesently, there are at least 5000 indigenous groups in the world. Their indigenous religion and culture has faded away with the spread of the non-indigenous religions and cultures. The modern civilization has also made it difficult for them to practice the indigenous religion because their rights to practice it are subjugated by the dominant modern people (Scheiner, 1992). The importance of interrelatedness of everything in the cosmos developed from the similarity of experiences of the indigenous people dwelling in different parts of the world. Such experiences included but were not limited to feelings of pain and pleasure, instances of birth and death, and indigenous peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s wonderment regarding the cosmos as well as the place they had in it. In addition to that, the indigenous people also interacted with one another through trade and traveling. These factors allowed the exchange of beliefs and cultures and played the role of catalyst in the interrelatedness of everything in the cosmos. The spiritual purpose that they serve for the indigenous people is that they inculcate unity and harmony among them and enable them to interact with one another in spite of the indigenous religious and cultural differences because these factors make them feel that they are not alone and that they can help others and attain help from them in